Chess Questions and Answers for Kids - Part 1

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Learn chess | Chess Questions and Answers for Kids:  How Chess Pieces Move and More... Part 1

Chess Questions - 10





















In Part 1, please find the answers to the following chess questions for kids:

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How Do Chess Pieces Move?    • What Is Checkmate?

What Is Back Rank Mate?    • What Is Check in Chess?

What Is Pin in Chess?    • What's the Value of Each Chess Piece?

How to Read Chess Notation?    • What Is Discovered Attack in Chess?

What Are Promotion Rules in Chess?    • What Is Blunder in Chess?




Question: How Do Chess Pieces Move?
The following description, the below picture, and the next 2 links will explain you in simple how the chess pieces move according to the chess rules. The queen moves in all directions. The rook moves straight - up, down, left, or right. The bishop moves by diagonal. The knight is the only chess piece that can jump over other pieces, and it moves by the reverse letter "L" in any direction. The king moves in any direction by 1 square. All chess pieces can be taken (captured) except the king. The king is the only piece that can be checked or checkmated. The pawn moves forward 1 square up; from the initial position it may move 1 or 2 squares up (as you like). The pawn captures 1 square on the left or right. It may be promoted to the queen (usually) or underpromoted to the rook, bishop, or knight (if you like). There are also 2 special moves in chess. The first special move involves the pawn and is called En Passant (from French in passing). The second special move involves 2 chess pieces at once (the king and rook), and it is called Castling.
chess moves explanation

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Question: What Is Checkmate in Chess?
Checkmate (mate for short) is a chess position in which a player's king is in check (is under attack) and there is no way to escape it on the next move. Checkmating the opponent wins the game. In chess, the king may not be captured the game ends once the king is checkmated. Most chess players resign an inevitably lost game before being checkmated. It is usually considered bad etiquette to continue playing a game in a completely hopeless position. If a player is not in check but has no legal moves, then it is stalemate which is a draw by the rules of chess. A checkmating move is recorded with the hash symbol #.

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Question: What Is Back Rank Mate?
The back rank mate is a checkmate which is engaged by a rook or queen along a back rank, and in which the mated king is unable to move up the board because of being blocked by its own pieces on the next rank. This mate is also known as the corridor mate. Notes. The chessboard back rank is the row on which the pieces (not pawns) stand at the initial position. The back rank for White is rank 1, and for Black rank 8. Using the threat of back-rank mate, you can conduct chess combinations to win material. See below 2 examples of back-rank mate:
back rank mate in chess

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Question: What Is Check in Chess?
The check is a direct attack on the king. In this case, the attacked king is said "to be in check." The player can announce "check", but this is not a requirement in the official game. By the chess rules, the player must get out of check - otherwise it will be checkmate. The player may get out of check in the following 3 ways: by moving the king to a safe square, by interposing a piece between the attacker and king, and by capturing the attacker. The player is forbidden to make any move that puts his own king in check. The check can be divided into usual check, double check, and discovered check. The double check is delivered by two pieces at the same time. The double check cannot be met by interposing or by capturing the attacker because there are 2 attackers on the scene. The only way to avoid it is to move the king to a safe square. The discovered check is a check when a player moves a piece away opening another piece to check. The check is recorded with the plus symbol + and the double check with ++.

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Question: What is Pin in Chess?
The pin is a situation when an chess piece attacks the opponent's piece and the latter cannot move without exposing a more valuable, friendly piece behind (the king is the most valuable chess piece on the board). The attacked piece is described as pinned. The pin can be delivered only by the bishop, rook, and queen. The king, knight, and pawn cannot pin. Any piece may be pinned except the king, because the king must be immediately removed from check. While a chess piece is being pinned against the king, it may not legally move. The pin is divided into absolute pin and relative pin. The pin against the king is called absolute. A chess piece may be also pinned against an empty square of greater value.

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Question: What's the Value of Each Chess Piece?
Which is stronger: the queen, bishop and 3 pawns or 2 rooks, knight and 2 pawns? You can easily answer this question if you know the value of each chess piece on the board: 1 queen = 10 pawns; 1 rook = 5 pawns; 1 bishop = 3 pawns; 1 knight = 3 pawns. The king is not estimated because he can not be captured (but only checked or checkmated). The above values have arrived mainly from the next provisions. Placed at the center, the queen attacks 27 squares, the rook 14 squares, the bishop 13 squares (but only the squares of one color), and the knight 8 squares (and it can jump over other pieces). In the endgame, 3 pawns are stronger than a bishop or knight because the pawn can be promoted. In the open positions, the bishop is stronger than the knight. In the closed positions, the knight is stronger than the bishop. 2 bishops are always stronger than 2 knights, or a bishop and knight. A chess piece at the center is considered stronger than the same piece at a corner.

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Question: How to Read Chess Notation?
Chess notation is used to record on paper and then replay a chess game. For example: 1. e4 e5 2. Nf3 Bc5. The following is an explanation of the algebraic chess notation which is used in FIDE... The chessboard is divided into 8 ranks (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8) and 8 files (a, b, c, d, e, f, g, h). Each square has its label (a1, a2, etc.). Each chess piece has its letter: K - king, Q - queen, R - rook, B - bishop, N - knight (N because K is already taken), pawn has no letter. The next symbols mean the following: x captures, =Q promoted to queen, 0-0 short castle (one move made by king and rook), 0-0-0 long castle, + check, ++ double check, # checkmate, ! good move, ? bad move, 1-0 White won, 0-1 Black won, 1/2-1/2 draw. To avoid misunderstanding when the same pieces (for example: 2 rooks) can move on the same square, an extra letter or number is added (for example: Rac1 - rook from a-file moves on c1). See below the following moves: 1. a4 - pawn moves on a4 | 2. Nc3 - knight moves on c3 | 3. Bf4 - bishop moves on f4 | 4. Qf3 - queen moves on f3 | 5. Kf2 - king moves on f2 | 6. Rh5 - rook moves on h5 | 7... axb6 - Black pawn captures on b6 | 8... Nxg7 - Black knight captures on g7... Now try to read and understand each move of this chess game: 1. e4 c5 2. Nf3 d6 ... 8. Be2 Be7 9. O-O O-O 10. f4 Qc7 ... 45. Qxf8+ Kxf8 46. Rc8# 1-0
picture explaining chess notation

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Question: What Is Discovered Attack in Chess?
The discovered attack in chess is an attack revealed when one piece or pawn has moved out of the way of another. The discovered attack may be a very powerful weapon because the opponent is usually not able to meet two threats at once. It is used as a tactic to win material, to win a tempo, to check, or to deliver checkmate. It is only the queen, rook, or bishop that can deliver the discovered attack, while any piece or pawn (including king) can move out of the way of the attacker. When the moving piece is checking the opponent's king, it is called the discovered attack with check. When the discovered attack is a check itself, it is called the discovered check. If the both pieces are checking, it is called the double check.

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Question: What Are Promotion Rules in Chess?
The pawn is the weakest chess man on the board, but its value is going up to the end of the game. It is so because any pawn may be promoted to the queen (usually) or underpromoted to the rook, bishop, or knight - according to the choice of the chess player. The pawn is the only chess man that may be promoted. To be promoted, the pawn must reach the last rank on the board (for White - rank 8, for Black - rank 1). A pawn that reaches its 8th rank must be immediately replaced by a queen, rook, bishop, or knight of the same color - the player may not keep any more the pawn on its 8th rank. The player may promote (or underpromote) his pawns to any number of pieces (for example: 2 queens and 3 rooks; or 3 queens, 3 bishops (including the same color - 2 light bishops and 1 dark) and 1 knight; or 1 queen, 3 rooks, 1 bishop, 3 knights; etc.). The promotion in chess is noted down in the following ways: c8=Q (pawn moves on c8 and is promoted to queen), c8=N (pawn moves on c8 and is promoted to knight). Underpromotion is sometimes much stronger than promotion. To understand why, you can see Chess Puzzle 98 for Kids.

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Question: What Is Blunder in Chess?
In simple, the blunder in chess is a very bad move. Such a move usually leads to a devastating result in a game. The chess player can make a blunder due to the lack of experience, lack of time, overconfidence, carelessness, or bad calculations. In chess annotation, blunders are marked with a double question mark "??". What is the difference between a blunder and mistake? The mistake is a small error that can be overcome with accurate play, but blunder not. However, your chess opponent might miss the opportunity to use your making a blunder. Blunders can be made not only by novice players but also by strong grandmasters. How to avoid blunders in playing chess? To avoid blunder, there is a well known recomendation that follows: Before making a move take one last look on the position before making it!

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TO BE CONTINUED...

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